Tense


  PRESENT PAST FUTURE
 
Simple
 
 
 
Habit/Routine/Universal Truth
Repeat Action
 
S+V1+O            (I/We/You/They/Plural Name)
S+V1+s/es+O         (He/She/It/Single Name)
ES= O,X,CH,SH,SS
 
S+Do/Does+not+V1+O
Do/Does+S+V1+O+?
WH+Do/Does+S+V1+O+?
Real Incident/Single & Countable Action/Complete Action/Influence Over
 
S+V2+O
S+Did+not+V1+O
Did+S+V1+O+?
Wh+Did+S+V1+O+?
 
Past habit/Routine
S+Used to+V1+O.
Any Planned Action
 
S+Will+V1+O
S+Will Not+V1+O
Will+S+V1+O+?
WH+Will+S+V1+O+?
Continuous
 
 
 
Action which is taking place
 
S+Is/Am/Are+Ving+O.
S+Is/Am/Are+not+Ving+O.
Is/Am/Are+S+Ving+O+?
Action which was taking place
 
S+Was/Were+Ving+O+before/when+S+V2+0
S+was/were+not+Ving+O+before/when+S+V2+0.
Was/Were+S+Ving+O+before/when+S+V2+0+?
 
DREAM ACTION
 
S+will be+Ving+O
S+will not be+Ving+O
Will+S+be+Ving+O+?
Perfect
 
Influence Action/Highest Achievement
 
S+Has/Have+V3+O
S+Has/Have+NOT+V3+O
Has/Have+S+V3+O+?
Double Action In Past
      
S+Had+V3+O+Before/When+S+V2+O
S+Had+NOT+V3+O+Before/When+S+V2+O Had+S+V3+O+Before/When+S+V2+O+?
 
Perfect continuous
 
 
Present Continuous + Time= Present Perfect Continuous
 
S+Has/Have+Been+Ving+O+since/for+Time S+Has/Have+Not+Been+Ving+O+since/for+Time
Has/Have+S+Been+Ving+O+since/for+Time+?
 
Past Continuous + Time= Past Perfect Continuous
 
S+Had+Been+Ving+O+since/for+Time
S+Had+Not+Been+Ving+O+since/for+Time
Had+S+Been+Ving+O+since/for+Time+?
 
 

































SUBJECT-HELPING VERB RELATIONSHIP                                                                                                                                    
We/You/They/Plural Name= Do/Are/Were/Have/Have Been         He/She/It/single Name= does/is/was/has/has been            
I=Am/Was/do/have/have been                  All= did, will, will be, had, had been, will have, will have been
VERB-HELPING VERB RELATIONSHIP                   V1: do, does, did, will      V2: none               V3: has, have, had, will have
Ving:  is, am, are, was, were, will be, has been, have been, had been, will have been
FOR= Duration= 1hr. ,3days, 4month, 5years                                                                                                                 
SINCE= Starting Time= 2am, 5pm, 10 O’clock, Monday to Saturday, January to December, 2009, 1947 or any incident
PREPOSITION: In ,To, Into, By, For, Before, After, At, Above, Over, Behind, on, about, from, with
MODALS: can, could, may, might, shall, should, will, would, dare, has to/have to, need to, must, ought to, had better, going to
Positive:S+H.V+V+O        NEGATIVE:S+H.V+NOT+V+O       QUESTION:H.V+S+not+V+O+?                 WH sentence:WH+H.V+S+V+O+?
               WH words    Whom: WH+H.V+S+V+O+?   Whose: WH+O+H.V+S+V+LO..?     When: WH+H.V+S+V+O+?     What:WH+H.V+S+V+O+?
Where: WH+H.V+S+V+O+?     Who: (replacement of subject)            Which:WH+O+H.V+S+V+LO…?        How: WH+H.V+S+V+O+?
How much: WH+O+H.V+S+V+O+?    How many:WH+O+H.V+S+V+O+?    How far: WH+H.V+S+V+O+?    How long: WH+H.V+S+V+O+?